Materi Kuliah Motivations

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Transcript Materi Kuliah

 Kuliah VI
MOTIVATION
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Kuliah VI
MOTIVATION
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Definition of Motivation
Motivation is what gives direction to
our behavior by arousing, and
directing it toward the attainment of
some goal.
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Definition of Motivation
Motivation is what gives direction to
our behavior by arousing, and
directing it toward the attainment of
some goal.
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A Model of Motivation
Needs
and
Drives
Tension Effort .Performance .Rewards
Environment Opportunity
Goals and
Incentives
Contoh :
Internal need and drive : need for food .
tension : hunger .
examine surrounding .external incentive (food)
effort to achieve goal
Need Satisfaction
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A Model of Motivation
Needs
and
Drives
Tension Effort .Performance .Rewards
Environment Opportunity
Goals and
Incentives
Contoh :
Internal need and drive : need for food .
tension : hunger .
examine surrounding .external incentive (food)
effort to achieve goal
Need Satisfaction
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Basic physical
needs
Safety and
security
needs
Belonging &
social needs
Esteem and
status needs
Self actualization
and fulfillment
needs
Primary needs Secondary needs
Secondary needs :
•Conditioned by experience.
•Vary in type and intensity among people.
•Subject to change.
•Often hidden from conscious recognition.
•Vague feeling instead of specific physical needs.
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Basic physical
needs
Safety and
security
needs
Belonging &
social needs
Esteem and
status needs
Self actualization
and fulfillment
needs
Primary needs Secondary needs
Secondary needs :
•Conditioned by experience.
•Vary in type and intensity among people.
•Subject to change.
•Often hidden from conscious recognition.
•Vague feeling instead of specific physical needs.
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FIS
SEC
SOC
S.A.
EST
APLIKASI TEORI MOTIVASI MASLOW
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FIS
SEC
SOC
S.A.
EST
APLIKASI TEORI MOTIVASI MASLOW
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Freud : Instinct Theory of Motivation
2 Basic Human Instincts:
1. Life Instincts :
–Procreation and self preservation such as
drive for food, water, warmth, sex
2. Death Instincts :
–Urge towards death and destruction such as
outwards, to compete, to conquer, to kill.
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Freud : Instinct Theory of Motivation
2 Basic Human Instincts:
1. Life Instincts :
–Procreation and self preservation such as
drive for food, water, warmth, sex
2. Death Instincts :
–Urge towards death and destruction such as
outwards, to compete, to conquer, to kill.
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Freud : Instinct and Motivation
Urges that are morally or socially unacceptable
are pushed deep into unconscious .
Repression
The repressed urge demands outlet through
substitution .Sublimation
Example :
–Boxing
–Painting of nudes
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Freud : Instinct and Motivation
Urges that are morally or socially unacceptable
are pushed deep into unconscious .
Repression
The repressed urge demands outlet through
substitution .Sublimation
Example :
–Boxing
–Painting of nudes
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Biological Motivation
Hunger motivation
Thirst motivation
Sexual motivation
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Biological Motivation
Hunger motivation
Thirst motivation
Sexual motivation
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To Know and To Be -Effective Motives
Stimulation and Exploration Needs.
motivation to know, to explore
Effective Motivation.to act competently and
effectively. Motivation to be effective
Self-Actualization Motivation .to develop
potentialities .motivation to become
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To Know and To Be -Effective Motives
Stimulation and Exploration Needs.
motivation to know, to explore
Effective Motivation.to act competently and
effectively. Motivation to be effective
Self-Actualization Motivation .to develop
potentialities .motivation to become
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Social Motives
Need for Achievement
Need for Affiliation
Need for Power
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Social Motives
Need for Achievement
Need for Affiliation
Need for Power
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Frustration
Frustration : blocking of behavior
directed toward a goal.
The causes of frustration :
1. Environmental forces that block goal
2. Personal inadequacies that make it
impossible to reach goal
3. Conflicts between motives.
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Frustration
Frustration : blocking of behavior
directed toward a goal.
The causes of frustration :
1. Environmental forces that block goal
2. Personal inadequacies that make it
impossible to reach goal
3. Conflicts between motives.
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Types of Conflict
Approach-Approach Conflict
+ .Person .+ (antara nonton film atau band)
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict
-.Person .-(antara di suntik atau obat
pahit)
Approach-Avoidance Conflict
+ .Person .-(ingin kerumah pacar tapi takut
bapaknya)
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Types of Conflict
Approach-Approach Conflict
+ .Person .+ (antara nonton film atau band)
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict
-.Person .-(antara di suntik atau obat
pahit)
Approach-Avoidance Conflict
+ .Person .-(ingin kerumah pacar tapi takut
bapaknya)
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Multiple conflicts
Career Marriage
+ ..+
-..+
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Multiple conflicts
Career Marriage
+ ..+
-..+
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Class Discussion
Give examples of different motives in
everyday life
Give examples of the types of conflict
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Class Discussion
Give examples of different motives in
everyday life
Give examples of the types of conflict
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