Materi Kuliah Personality

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Transcript Materi Kuliah

 KULIAH XI

PERSONALITY

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Personality Theories

Galen •
ancient Greek theory

1. Choleric : bad-tempered and irritable
2. Melancholic : gloomy and pessimistic
3. Phlegmatic : sluggish, calm, unexcitable
4. Sanguine : cheerful, passionate
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Cattell : 16 Personality Factors

1.
Cool –
Warm
2.
Concrete thinking -Abstract thinking
3.
Affected by feelings –
Emotionally stable
4.
Submissive –
Dominant
5.
Sober –
Enthusiastic
6.
Expedient (practical) –
Conscientious
(perfectionist)
7.
Shy –
Bold
8.
Tough minded –
Tender minded
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Cattel : 16 Personality Factors (continued)

9. Trusting –
Suspicious
10. Practical –
Imaginative
11. Forthright (lugu) –
Shrewd (licik)
12. Self assured –
Apprehensive
13. Conservative –
Experimenting
14. Group oriented –
Self sufficient
15. Undisciplined –
Controlled
16. Relaxed -Tense
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Eysenck : 3 Personality Factors

1. Extraversion vs Introversion
2. Neuroticism vs Emotional Stability
3. Psychoticism vs Self Control
Extraversion : outgoing, high level of activity
Introversion : avoids crowds, solitary activity

Neuroticism : anxiety, worry, guilt
Emotional Stability : relaxed, at peace with self

Psychoticism : aggressive, egocentric, antisocial
Self-control : kind, considerate, obedient of rules and laws

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Galen and Eysenck Combination


Choleric : Extravert + Unstable :
Touchy, restless, aggressive, excitable, changeable,
impulsive, optimistic, active


Melancholic : Introvert + Unstable :
Moody, anxious, rigid, sober, pessimistic, reserved,
unsociable, quiet.


Sanguine : Extravert + Stable :
Sociable, outgoing, talkative, responsive easygoing,
lively, carefree, leadership


Phlegmatic : Introvert + Stable :
Passive, careful, thoughtful, peaceful, controlled,
reliable, even tempered, calm

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PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY OF PERSONALITY


Sigmund Freud :
1.
Id : Unconscious energy of psychic instincts •
pleasure principle
2.
Ego : The self, controls and integrates
behavior to demand of reality •
reality
principle.
3.
Superego : The conscience, the internalization
of norms and values of society.
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Defense Mechanisms

The Ego contains defense mechanisms when id conflicts with
superego. Triggering factor : anxiety


Repression : feeling, idea or
memory is prevented from
consciousness. Contoh: tidak
tahu mengapa tidak suka ke laut.

Reaction Formation: replacing a
threat with its opposite. Contoh :
pernah narkoba menjadi aktivis
gerakan narkoba.

Projection : denial of desires
and finding them in others.
Contoh : Gagal bertanding, yang
disalahkan orang lain

Sublimation : diversion of
energy from unacceptable drive
to acceptable one. Contoh :
Senang berantam, disalurkan
dalam sport tinju.

Rationalization : inventing
acceptable reason for a less
acceptable reason of behavior.
Contoh : saya merokok karena
kasihan pada yang punya
warung, supaya laku.

Conversion : outlet for psychic
conflict in form of physical
symptom. Contoh : takut ujian,

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jadi benar-benar sakit.

Influences on Personality


Heredity : genes

Biological : brain, nervous system

Behavior : stimulus –
response

Social learning theory : reward, punishment
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Humanistic approach to Personality


Abraham Maslow : Needs are universal

human behavior •
holistic.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs :
1. Physiological/biological needs
2. Safety needs
3. Social needs : belonging and love needs
4. Esteem needs
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5. Self-actualization needs

Assignment


Give examples of defense mechanisms
among the people you know.

Give your views and analysis.
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